According to WHO, blood is in chronic supply, In the year 2015-2016, India was way short of blood requirements, 1.1 million units. In April 2017, it was reported that blood banks in India had in the last five years discarded a total of 2.8 million units of expired, unused blood (more than 6 lakh litres).
Here are key reasons why “illegal blood market exists in India:
1. BLOOD DONATION IS STILL A TABOO IN INDIA
In India donating blood is still considered a taboo with a lot of misconceptions about blood donation. For instance, people think that donating blood often has the risk of causing infection or they would get feeble after blood donation. People also have this understanding that people need to take complete bed rest after donating the blood but none of them is actually true. This lack of information about blood donation is probably one of the major reasons why people are still hesitant to donate blood.
2. LACK OF CENTRAL BLOOD COLLECTION AGENCY
While there is less blood and more demand, the black market exists where the blood is sold illegally at a higher price with a lack of formal mechanism. The agents who are part of these illegal rackets trap poor people to donate blood for little penny. They are even forced to donate blood without any regulated testing of the donors and donating blood more than often, which proves fatal not only to the donors but also to the people to whom blood is transmitted.
Despite 1996, Supreme Court ruling unlicensed and paid donors continue to be part of ‘blood donation’.
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