The Lok Sabha, the lower house of people comprising of Member of Parliament, represents each geographical constituency. This representation varies from state to state depending on the population of state and number of voters from each constituency. However, despite the increase in a number of voters in certain geographical constituencies there has been no readjustment in Lok Sabha Seats. Do you know what is the reason behind it is?
Statistics on the number of voters
The average electorate per Member of Parliament was 3.54 lakhs in 1951, which now represents over 15 lakhs voters on an average in 2014, with variations in different states. So, although the average voters per constituency have changed, there has been no shuffling in the number of Lok Sabha seats.
What Does The Constitution Say:
Article 82 of the Indian constitution says that there has to be a readjustment of seats after every 10 years. However, from last 43 years, there has been no readjustment because during the time of emergency in the year 1976, owing to the amendments made in the constitution, the policy of ‘Population control and family planning’ was implemented till the year 2000 according to which amendments could be further made in 2001.
However, the NDA government extended the provisions of the policy till 2026 which meant that readjustment in the number of seats can only be done after the 2031 census.
Thus, to ensure the uniform population growth of each state the readjustment of Lok Sabha seats was frozen because the states that would have controlled the population would have lost out in the number of seats in Lok Sabha.
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